Week 47

Civitates orbis terrarum

Engraved frontispiece from a copy of Georg Braunius & Frans Hogenberg's collection of city views and plans, Civitates orbis terrarum IV (Köln 1588, folio) with a printed dedication to Frederik II. Hogenberg's monumental composition shows not only the heraldic symbols of the Danish-Norwegian state, but also the coats of arms of the 21 members of the Council of State. In the mid-foreground, a small tower bears the arms of Ösel and below them the initials of Fredericus Secundus. The tower is flanked by two elephants, an allusion to the king's revival of the Order of the Elephant, by which the elephant became a symbol of Denmark and its royal house.
The Map Collection