Persian

The collection of manuscripts and printed books in Iranian languages in The National Library covers a wide range of subjects in the areas of Language. Literature, History, Theology etc. beginning with the Teachings of Zoroaster in Avesta in the oldest known Iranian language Avastan, over Commentaries and other texts connected to the old Iranian religion in Pahlavi or Middle-Persian from the Sasanian period (226-652 CE) to The Golden Age of Persian Poetry (1000-1500 CE) including works by all the most famous Persian poets like Abu-l Qasem Ferdavsi (d. about 1025 CE) author of the National Epic of Iran, the Shah-nameh, The Robayats of Omar-e Khayyam (d 1132), the beautful stories of Layla and Majnun and Khosrav and Shirin written in the epic metre Mathnavi by Nezami of Ganjeh (d. 1209), the Bustan and the Golestan by Sa’di (d. 1292) the erotic poems that fascinated Goethe by Hafez (d. 1390) and many many more.
Chronologically the collection goes on to the literature of the Safavid (1500-1785) and the Qajar Periods (1785-1925). The last mentioned period is excptionally rich in memoires and personal letters. A small collection of illustrated lithographed Popular Books presenting the old stories in a modern guise is worth mentioning here, together with works on Sufism and Theology from the Islamic Era. This period witnessed the victory of the printed book of modern times taking over the role of the handwritten and lithographed book only as late as the beginning of the 20th century. Modern and contemporary literature is richly represented though concentrating mainly I the area of Belles Lettres of major authors. A special section of books published during the Islamic Revolution and the following period deserves to be mentioned too.
The nucleus of the collection was acquired by Danish travellers in Iran beginning with Adam Olearius in 1630’s, P.J Flor in the second half of the 18th century, Rasmus Rask in 1816-23, and finally Arthur Christensen in 1913-14. But the collection is continuously growing both by books purchased and by books donated.

Search for printed books in the database REX . Use Latin letters in transcription. New (and a few older) books can be searched for in Arabic script.

In the 1857 catalogue in Latin Codices Orientales Bibliothecæ Regiæ Havniensis, Pars III: Persian manuscripts are described on pp. 1-48. In this volume you also find Arabic-Persian/Arabic-Turkish/Persian-Turkish (Cod. Mixt.), pp. 61-72.  Access to a PDF-version of Pars III.

For newer descriptions in English, please cf.:

Catalogue of Persian manuscripts : Codices Persici Arthur Christenseniani, Codices Simonseniani Persici, Codices Persici Additamenta [COMDC 8,1] / Irmeli Perho (Copenhagen : NIAS Press - Det Kongelige Bibliotek, 2014)

Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts : Codices Percisi, Codices Eyseriani, Codices Persocus Add. [COMDC 8,2] / Irmeli Perho (Copenhagen : NIAS Press - Det Kgl. Bibliotek, 2017) (in process)